A pantomime is a play in which clowns and actors portray speechless a situation or story using only their hands, facial expressions and body language. Sometimes, there are sound effects or background music. The great advantage of this form of theater is that it is not language dependent. It is for everyone understandable.

The founder of this theater art was Livius Andronicus. During one of his performances his voice was too ill to act. So he let the words to another, as he hid behind a mask and made movements ​​in the text. He found that he could act so much freer and could express better. The mode of action was further elaborated by Livius Andronicus and his followers.